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190                                    FLOTA INDICA.                  [Menispermacea.
adulta glabra, jmiiora subtus sccus costara pubescentia, 2-3 poll, longa, 1-1^ lata,
in ramulis sturilibus interdum 5-6 poll, longa, et ultra 2 poll. lata. Petioli £-1 poll,
lougi, superne incrassati, pubescentes, demum glabrati. Faniculae pubescentes, axil-
larcs vcl paullo supra-axillares, solitarii vel bini, tubercrulo tomentoso inserts; mas-
culffi pctiolis duplo longiores, parCc ramosro, vel subraccmosce, foemineae simplices,
jietiolum vix iiiquantes, pauciflorse, subuniflorse. Bractea minutce, subulatae. 2)nepa
vix $-pollicares.
Ifypserpa nitida, Miers (in Hook. Kew Journ. Bot.), does not appear to be dis-
tinct from Z. cuspidata. Cocculus cynanchoides, Presl, is perhaps also a synonym.
Nephroia* Lour.; Nephroica, Holopeira et Diploclisia, Miers.
Sepala 6, biseriiitim irabricata, exteriora minora. Petala 6, sepnlis
uiinora, cuncata vel obovata, Integra vel ssepius emarginata, v. pleram-
- que auriculata et in masc. circa stamina involuta.    MAS. Stamina 6;
filamenta \cylindrica vel compress^; anthera terniinales, subglobosse,
4-lobse, biloculares, loculis lateraliter dehiscentihus profunde didyniis.
F(EM. 'Stamina sterilia 6 vel nulla. Q&aria 3, gynophoro brevi insi-
dentia. Styli erecti vel tcflexi, ovarii longitudine, cylinclrici. Dntpa
lateraliter corapressse, obovatse vel rotundatse. Putamen fragile, hippo-
crepiforine, dorso carinatum et vorie tuberculatum, utriuque profunde
excavatum. Semen hippocrepiforme, cavitati pntauiiuis conforme. Em-
bryo in albumine parco caruoso horaotropus, radicula brevi cylindiica,
cotyledonibiis linearibus planis.—Frutices scwidentes vel saltern sarmen-
tosi, rarisriwe 8uberectit foliis forma writs dasi pseudo-articulatti> petiolo
gracili cylindrico haud dilatato, inflorescentia axillarl paniculata, pani-
culis elongatiB vel stepius paucijloria et fcemineis interdum adjlorem soli-
tarium reductis.
We include in this genus the whole of Mr. Miers* tribe PZatygonetx, as we can-
not attach that degree of iniportance^o the shape of the petals (in itself indeed far
from constant itx each species) which Mr. Miers seems to do; nor do we think that
the modifications of the structure of the putamcn are either sufficiently constant or
sufficiently important to be relied upon as generic distinctions.
Diptoclisia of Miew, with a very different habit from-"the other Indian, species,
presents no characters by which to separate it genetically, except the elongated
thecultu is mostly an Indian genus, but several American species- are no doubt
correctly referred to it, and some of the most common. Indian species extend across
tropical Africa even to the west coast. One species^(by Mr. Miers referred to Diplo-
elisia} is a native of New Holland, extending as far south as the colony of Victoria.
Cocculu* ovalifolius, DC., is also a true member of the genus, and is closely allied
to C. Carolinus. It is the Nqphroia sarmentosa of Loureiro, of which Menisptrmum
foxagynuw, Koxb. (C. fajrayynwt, Wall.) is a synonym. C. tritobus, DC., and JV>-
phroia pubinervis, Miers-in Hook. Kew Journ. iii. 259, from Hongkong, are also,
we believe, not distinct.
Among the Menispermace<z of Dr. Hooker's East Nipal coBectioas there is a spe-
cimen, without flower or fruit, which ao closely resembles bfenisparmum Dahuricum
that it is probably a congener, and perhaps not specifically distinct. The leaves are
deeply three-lobed. There is also a three-lobed Menispermaceous plant among Cap-
tain Strachey's Kumaon collections, bat in a very bad state. The genus Menisper-
muni only differs from Cocculut by having 12-48 instead of C stamens.